Retrieval Augmented Generation, or RAG, is a mechanism that helps large language models (LLMs) like GPT become more useful and knowledgeable by pulling in information from a store of useful data, much like fetching a book from a library. Here’s how RAG makes magic with simple AI workflows:

  • Knowledge Base (Input): Think of this as a big library full of useful stuff—FAQs, manuals, documents, etc. When a question pops up, this is where the system looks for answers.
  • Trigger/Query (Input): This is the starting point. Usually, it’s a question or a request from a user that tells the system, “Hey, I need you to do something!”
  • Task/Action (Output): Once the system gets the trigger, it swings into action. If it’s a question, it digs up an answer. If it’s a request to do something, it gets that thing done.

Now, let’s break down the RAG mechanism into simple steps:

  1. Retrieval: First off, when a question or request comes in, RAG scours through the Knowledge Base to find relevant info.
  2. Augmentation: Next, it takes this info and mixes it up with the original question or request. This is like adding more detail to the basic request to make sure the system understands it fully.
  3. Generation: Lastly, with all this rich info at hand, it feeds it into a large language model which then crafts a well-informed response or performs the required action.

So, in a nutshell, RAG is like having a smart assistant that first looks up useful info, blends it with the question at hand, and then either gives out a well-rounded answer or performs a task as needed. This way, with RAG, your AI system isn’t just shooting in the dark; it has a solid base of information to work from, making it more reliable and helpful.

What problem do they solve?

Bridging the Knowledge Gap

Generative AI, powered by LLMs, is proficient at spawning text responses based on a colossal amount of data it was trained on. While this training enables the creation of readable and detailed text, the static nature of the training data is a critical limitation. The information within the model becomes outdated over time, and in a dynamic scenario like a corporate chatbot, the absence of real-time or organization-specific data can lead to incorrect or misleading responses. This scenario is detrimental as it undermines the user’s trust in the technology, posing a significant challenge especially in customer-centric or mission-critical applications.

The RAG Solution

RAG comes to the rescue by melding the generative capabilities of LLMs with real-time, targeted information retrieval, without altering the underlying model. This fusion allows the AI system to provide responses that are not only contextually apt but also based on the most current data. For instance, in a sports league scenario, while an LLM could provide generic information about the sport or teams, RAG empowers the AI to deliver real-time updates about recent games or player injuries by accessing external data sources like databases, news feeds, or even the league’s own data repositories.

Data that stays up-to-date

The essence of RAG lies in its ability to augment the LLM with fresh, domain-specific data. The continual updating of the knowledge repository in RAG is a cost-effective way to ensure the generative AI remains current. Moreover, it provides a layer of context that a generalized LLM lacks, thereby enhancing the quality of responses. The ability to identify, correct, or delete incorrect information within the RAG’s knowledge repository further adds to its appeal, ensuring a self-correcting mechanism for more accurate information retrieval.

Examples of RAG Workflows

In the evolving realm of artificial intelligence, Retrieval-Augmented Generation (RAG) is making a substantial impact across various business sectors by significantly enhancing the capabilities of Large Language Models (LLMs). Let us look at a few examples to get a sense of how RAG workflows automate tasks –

  1. Internal Team Knowledge Retrieval and Sharing:
    1. Scenario: A multinational corporation with a diversified portfolio of projects often faces challenges in efficiently sharing knowledge and insights across its teams. To alleviate this, the company implements a RAG-augmented platform to streamline internal knowledge retrieval and sharing.
    2. Workflow:
      1. Retrieval:
        1. Example Query: A project manager inquires, “Have we worked on any projects related to renewable energy in the past three years?”
        2. The RAG mechanism instantly searches through the internal databases, past project reports, and any other relevant repositories to retrieve information regarding the company’s involvement in renewable energy projects over the specified period.
      2. Augmentation:
        1. The retrieved data includes project titles, key personnel, final deliverables, and the outcomes of each project.
        2. It may also fetch links to any relevant communications, presentations, or documents that were shared internally during the course of these projects.
      3. Generation:
        1. Example Answer: The system generates a comprehensive response:
          “Yes, over the past three years, we have engaged in three major renewable energy projects. Project ‘Solar Innovations’ was led by Sarah Johnson from the Sustainability Team and concluded in December 2021 with the development of a solar-powered charging station prototype. Project ‘Wind Energy Efficiency’ headed by Mark D’Souza, aimed at enhancing wind turbine efficiency and was completed in June 2022. Lastly, ‘Renewable Energy Policy Advocacy’ was a cross-departmental initiative which concluded in September 2022, creating a policy proposal for promoting renewable energy adoption within local communities. Relevant documents, reports, and presentations can be accessed through the links provided.”
  2. Automated Marketing Campaigns:
    • Scenario: A digital marketing agency implements RAG to automate the creation and deployment of marketing campaigns based on real-time market trends and consumer behavior.
    • Workflow:
      • Retrieval: Whenever a new lead comes into the system, the RAG mechanism fetches relevant details of the lead and their organization and triggers the start of the workflow.
      • Augmentation: It combines this data with the client’s marketing objectives, brand guidelines, and target demographics.
      • Task Execution: The system autonomously designs and deploys a tailored marketing campaign across various digital channels to capitalize on the identified trend, tracking the campaign’s performance in real-time for possible adjustments.
  3. Legal Research and Case Preparation:
    • Scenario: A law firm integrates RAG to expedite legal research and case preparation.
    • Workflow:
      • Retrieval: On input about a new case, it pulls up relevant legal precedents, statutes, and recent judgements.
      • Augmentation: It correlates this data with the case details.
      • Generation: The system drafts a preliminary case brief, significantly reducing the time attorneys spend on preliminary research.
  4. Customer Service Enhancement:
    • Scenario: A telecommunications company implements a RAG-augmented chatbot to handle customer queries regarding plan details, billing, and troubleshooting common issues.
    • Workflow:
      • Retrieval: On receiving a query about a specific plan’s data allowance, the system references the latest plans and offers from its database.
      • Augmentation: It combines this retrieved information with the customer’s current plan details (from the customer profile) and the original query.
      • Generation: The system generates a tailored response, explaining the data allowance differences between the customer’s current plan and the queried plan.
  5. Inventory Management and Reordering:
    1. Scenario: An e-commerce company employs a RAG-augmented system to manage inventory and automatically reorder products when stock levels fall below a predetermined threshold.
    2. Workflow:
      1. Retrieval: When a product’s stock reaches a low level, the system checks the sales history, seasonal demand fluctuations, and current market trends from its database.
      2. Augmentation: Combining the retrieved data with the product’s reorder frequency, lead times, and supplier details, it determines the optimal quantity to reorder.
      3. Task Execution: The system then interfaces with the company’s procurement software to automatically place a purchase order with the supplier, ensuring that the e-commerce platform never runs out of popular products.
  6. Employee Onboarding and IT Setup:
    1. Scenario: A multinational corporation uses a RAG-powered system to streamline the onboarding process for new employees, ensuring that all IT requirements are set up before the employee’s first day.
    2. Workflow:
      1. Retrieval: Upon receiving details of a new hire, the system consults the HR database to determine the employee’s role, department, and location.
      2. Augmentation: It correlates this information with the company’s IT policies, determining the software, hardware, and access permissions the new employee will need.
      3. Task Execution: The system then communicates with the IT department’s ticketing system, automatically generating tickets to set up a new workstation, install necessary software, and grant appropriate system access. This ensures that when the new employee starts, their workstation is ready, and they can immediately dive into their responsibilities.

These examples underscore the versatility and practical benefits of employing RAG workflows in addressing complex, real-time business challenges across a myriad of domains.

Connect your data and apps with Nanonets AI Assistant to chat with data, deploy custom chatbots & agents, and create RAG workflows.

How to build your own RAG Workflows?

Process of Building an RAG Workflow

The process of building a Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG) workflow can be broken down into several key steps. These steps can be categorized into three main processes: ingestion, retrieval, and generation, as well as some additional preparation:

1. Preparation:
  • Knowledge Base Preparation: Prepare a data repository or a knowledge base by ingesting data from various sources – apps, documents, databases. This data should be formatted to allow efficient searchability, which basically means that this data should be formatted into a unified ‘Document’ object representation.
2. Ingestion Process:
  • Vector Database Setup: Utilize Vector Databases as knowledge bases, employing various indexing algorithms to organize high-dimensional vectors, enabling fast and robust querying ability.
    • Data Extraction: Extract data from these documents.
    • Data Chunking: Break down documents into chunks of data sections.
    • Data Embedding: Transform these chunks into embeddings using an embeddings model like the one provided by OpenAI.
  • Develop a mechanism to ingest your user query. This can be a user interface or an API-based workflow.
3. Retrieval Process:
  • Query Embedding: Get the data embedding for the user query.
  • Chunk Retrieval: Perform a hybrid search to find the most relevant stored chunks in the Vector Database based on the query embedding.
  • Content Pulling: Pull the most relevant content from your knowledge base into your prompt as context.
4. Generation Process:
  • Prompt Generation: Combine the retrieved information with the original query to form a prompt. Now, you can perform –
    • Response Generation: Send the combined prompt text to the LLM (Large Language Model) to generate a well-informed response.
    • Task Execution: Send the combined prompt text to your LLM data agent which will infer the correct task to perform based on your query and perform it. For example, you can create a Gmail data agent and then prompt it to “send promotional emails to recent Hubspot leads” and the data agent will –
        • fetch recent leads from Hubspot.
        • use your knowledge base to get relevant info regarding leads. Your knowledge base can ingest data from multiple data sources – LinkedIn, Lead Enrichment APIs, and so on.
        • curate personalized promotional emails for each lead.
        • send these emails using your email provider / email campaign manager.
5. Configuration and Optimization:
  • Customization: Customize the workflow to fit specific requirements, which might include adjusting the ingestion flow, such as preprocessing, chunking, and selecting the embedding model.
  • Optimization: Implement optimization strategies to improve the quality of retrieval and reduce the token count to process, which could lead to performance and cost optimization at scale.

Implementing One Yourself

Implementing a Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG) workflow is a complex task that involves numerous steps and a good understanding of the underlying algorithms and systems. Below are the highlighted challenges and steps to overcome them for those looking to implement a RAG workflow:

Challenges in building your own RAG workflow:
  1. Novelty and Lack of Established Practices: RAG is a relatively new technology, first proposed in 2020, and developers are still figuring out the best practices for implementing its information retrieval mechanisms in generative AI.
  2. Cost: Implementing RAG will be more expensive than using a Large Language Model (LLM) alone. However, it’s less costly than frequently retraining the LLM.
  3. Data Structuring: Determining how to best model structured and unstructured data within the knowledge library and vector database is a key challenge.
  4. Incremental Data Feeding: Developing processes for incrementally feeding data into the RAG system is crucial.
  5. Handling Inaccuracies: Putting processes in place to handle reports of inaccuracies and to correct or delete those information sources in the RAG system is necessary.

Connect your data and apps with Nanonets AI Assistant to chat with data, deploy custom chatbots & agents, and create RAG workflows.

How to get started with creating your own RAG Workflow:

Implementing a RAG workflow requires a blend of technical knowledge, the right tools, and continuous learning and optimization to ensure its effectiveness and efficiency in meeting your objectives. For those looking to implement RAG workflows themselves, we have curated a list of comprehensive hands-on guides that walk you through the implementation processes in detail –

Each of the tutorials comes with a unique approach or platform to achieve the desired implementation on the specified topics.

If you are looking to delve into building your own RAG workflows, we recommend checking out all of the articles listed above to get a holistic sense required to get started with your journey.

Implement RAG Workflows using ML Platforms

While the allure of constructing a Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG) workflow from the ground up offers a certain sense of accomplishment and customization, it’s undeniably a complex endeavor. Recognizing the intricacies and challenges, several businesses have stepped forward, offering specialized platforms and services to simplify this process. Leveraging these platforms can not only save valuable time and resources but also ensure that the implementation is based on industry best practices and is optimized for performance.

For organizations or individuals who may not have the bandwidth or expertise to build a RAG system from scratch, these ML platforms present a viable solution. By opting for these platforms, one can:

  • Bypass the Technical Complexities: Avoid the intricate steps of data structuring, embedding, and retrieval processes. These platforms often come with pre-built solutions and frameworks tailored for RAG workflows.
  • Leverage Expertise: Benefit from the expertise of professionals who have a deep understanding of RAG systems and have already addressed many of the challenges associated with its implementation.
  • Scalability: These platforms are often designed with scalability in mind, ensuring that as your data grows or your requirements change, the system can adapt without a complete overhaul.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: While there’s an associated cost with using a platform, it might prove to be more cost-effective in the long run, especially when considering the costs of troubleshooting, optimization, and potential re-implementations.

Let us take a look at platforms offering RAG workflow creation capabilities.


Nanonets offers secure AI assistants, chatbots, and RAG workflows powered by your company’s data. It enables real-time data synchronization between various data sources, facilitating comprehensive information retrieval for teams. The platform allows the creation of chatbots along with deployment of complex workflows through natural language, powered by Large Language Models (LLMs). It also provides data connectors to read and write data in your apps, and the ability to utilize LLM agents to directly perform actions on external apps.

Nanonets AI Assistant Product Page

AWS Generative AI

AWS offers a variety of services and tools under its Generative AI umbrella to cater to different business needs. It provides access to a wide range of industry-leading foundation models from various providers through Amazon Bedrock. Users can customize these foundation models with their own data to build more personalized and differentiated experiences. AWS emphasizes security and privacy, ensuring data protection when customizing foundation models. It also highlights cost-effective infrastructure for scaling generative AI, with options such as AWS Trainium, AWS Inferentia, and NVIDIA GPUs to achieve the best price performance. Moreover, AWS facilitates the building, training, and deploying of foundation models on Amazon SageMaker, extending the power of foundation models to a user’s specific use cases.

AWS Generative AI Product Page

Generative AI on Google Cloud

Google Cloud’s Generative AI provides a robust suite of tools for developing AI models, enhancing search, and enabling AI-driven conversations. It excels in sentiment analysis, language processing, speech technologies, and automated document management. Additionally, it can create RAG workflows and LLM agents, catering to diverse business requirements with a multilingual approach, making it a comprehensive solution for various enterprise needs.

Google Cloud Generative AI

Oracle Generative AI

Oracle’s Generative AI (OCI Generative AI) is tailored for enterprises, offering superior models combined with excellent data management, AI infrastructure, and business applications. It allows refining models using user’s own data without sharing it with large language model providers or other customers, thus ensuring security and privacy. The platform enables the deployment of models on dedicated AI clusters for predictable performance and pricing. OCI Generative AI provides various use cases like text summarization, copy generation, chatbot creation, stylistic conversion, text classification, and data searching, addressing a spectrum of enterprise needs. It processes user’s input, which can include natural language, input/output examples, and instructions, to generate, summarize, transform, extract information, or classify text based on user requests, sending back a response in the specified format.

Oracle Generative AI


In the realm of Generative AI, Cloudera emerges as a trustworthy ally for enterprises. Their open data lakehouse, accessible on both public and private clouds, is a cornerstone. They offer a gamut of data services aiding the entire data lifecycle journey, from the edge to AI. Their capabilities extend to real-time data streaming, data storage and analysis in open lakehouses, and the deployment and monitoring of machine learning models via the Cloudera Data Platform. Significantly, Cloudera enables the crafting of Retrieval Augmented Generation workflows, melding a powerful combination of retrieval and generation capabilities for enhanced AI applications.

Cloudera Blog Page


Glean employs AI to enhance workplace search and knowledge discovery. It leverages vector search and deep learning-based large language models for semantic understanding of queries, continuously improving search relevance. It also offers a Generative AI assistant for answering queries and summarizing information across documents, tickets, and more. The platform provides personalized search results and suggests information based on user activity and trends, besides facilitating easy setup and integration with over 100 connectors to various apps​.

Glean Homepage


Landbot offers a suite of tools for creating conversational experiences. It facilitates the generation of leads, customer engagement, and support via chatbots on websites or WhatsApp. Users can design, deploy, and scale chatbots with a no-code builder, and integrate them with popular platforms like Slack and Messenger. It also provides various templates for different use cases like lead generation, customer support, and product promotion Homepage


Chatbase provides a platform for customizing ChatGPT to align with a brand’s personality and website appearance. It allows for lead collection, daily conversation summaries, and integration with other tools like Zapier, Slack, and Messenger. The platform is designed to offer a personalized chatbot experience for businesses​.

Chatbase Product Page

Scale AI

Scale AI addresses the data bottleneck in AI application development by offering fine-tuning and RLHF for adapting foundation models to specific business needs. It integrates or partners with leading AI models, enabling enterprises to incorporate their data for strategic differentiation. Coupled with the ability to create RAG workflows and LLM agents, Scale AI provides a full-stack generative AI platform for accelerated AI application development.

Scale AI Homepage

Shakudo – LLM Solutions

Shakudo offers a unified solution for deploying Large Language Models (LLMs), managing vector databases, and establishing robust data pipelines. It streamlines the transition from local demos to production-grade LLM services with real-time monitoring and automated orchestration. The platform supports flexible Generative AI operations, high-throughput vector databases, and provides a variety of specialized LLMOps tools, enhancing the functional richness of existing tech stacks.

Shakundo RAG Workflows Product Page

Each platform/business mentioned has its own set of unique features and capabilities, and could be explored further to understand how they could be leveraged for connecting enterprise data and implementing RAG workflows.

Connect your data and apps with Nanonets AI Assistant to chat with data, deploy custom chatbots & agents, and create RAG workflows.

RAG Workflows with Nanonets

In the realm of augmenting language models to deliver more precise and insightful responses, Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG) stands as a pivotal mechanism. This intricate process elevates the reliability and usefulness of AI systems, ensuring they aren’t merely operating in an information vacuum.

At the heart of this, Nanonets AI Assistant emerges as a secure, multi-functional AI companion designed to bridge the gap between your organizational knowledge and Large Language Models (LLMs), all within a user-friendly interface.

Here’s a glimpse into the seamless integration and workflow enhancement offered by Nanonets’ RAG capabilities:

Data Connectivity:

Nanonets facilitates seamless connections to over 100 popular workspace applications including Slack, Notion, Google Suite, Salesforce, and Zendesk, among others. It’s proficient in handling a wide spectrum of data types, be it unstructured like PDFs, TXTs, images, audio, and video files, or structured data such as CSVs, spreadsheets, MongoDB, and SQL databases. This broad-spectrum data connectivity ensures a robust knowledge base for the RAG mechanism to pull from.

Trigger and Action Agents:

With Nanonets, setting up trigger/action agents is a breeze. These agents are vigilant for events across your workspace apps, initiating actions as required. For instance, establish a workflow to monitor new emails at, utilize your documentation and past email conversations as a knowledge base, draft an insightful email response, and send it out, all orchestrated seamlessly.

Streamlined Data Ingestion and Indexing:

Optimized data ingestion and indexing are part of the package, ensuring smooth data processing which is handled in the backdrop by the Nanonets AI Assistant. This optimization is crucial for the real-time sync with data sources, ensuring the RAG mechanism has the latest information to work with.

To get started, you can get on a call with one of our AI experts and we can give you a personalized demo & trial of the Nanonets AI Assistant based on your use case.

Once set up, you can use your Nanonets AI Assistant to –

Create RAG Chat Workflows

Empower your teams with comprehensive, real-time information from all your data sources.

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Create RAG Agent Workflows

Use natural language to create and run complex workflows powered by LLMs that interact with all your apps and data.

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Deploy RAG based Chatbots

Build and Deploy ready to use Custom AI Chatbots that know you within minutes.

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Propel Your Team’s Efficiency

With Nanonets AI, you’re not just integrating data; you’re supercharging your team’s capabilities. By automating mundane tasks and providing insightful responses, your teams can reallocate their focus on strategic initiatives.

Nanonets’ RAG-driven AI Assistant is more than just a tool; it’s a catalyst that streamlines operations, enhances data accessibility, and propels your organization towards a future of informed decision-making and automation.

Connect your data and apps with Nanonets AI Assistant to chat with data, deploy custom chatbots & agents, and create RAG workflows.

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